Haematological cancers are cancers that arise from abnormal blood or bone marrow. Bone marrow is the flexible tissue found in the hollow interior of bones.
These cancers are rare diseases and with advances in treatment a great majority of patients go into remission and an increasing number of patients are cured. There are 3 main groups of haematological cancers – Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma.
- Leukemias are cancers of white blood cells that develop in the bone marrow. Abnormal white cells start to grow in an uncontrolled way and the production of normal blood cells is reduced.
- Lymphomas and Hodgkin’s Diseases also affect the white blood cells, however this type of cancer starts in the lymphatic system, which is a network of tiny tubes all over the body.
- Myeloma is a bone marrow cancer that can cause damage to the bones.
As yet the causes of many haematological cancers isn’t known but there are some factors that raise your risk of getting this type of cancer.
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