Traditional cultural practices, often spanning generations reflect values and beliefs held by community members.
All social groupings have specific beliefs and practices many of which are beneficial. While others are harmful to a specific group, such as women.
Despite their harmful nature, such practices persist, because they are not questioned. They represent morality in the eyes of those practicing them.
They control women’s sexuality, perpetuating the inferior status of women. They inhibit structural and attitudinal changes necessary to eliminate gender inequality.
Honour Based Violence
A spectrum of criminal conduct with threats and abuse at one end, and honour killing at the other.
Such violence occurs when perpetrators believe :
that a relative or community member has shamed the family by breaking their honour code.
Female Genital Mutilation
Sometimes called “female circumcision”
is a culturally abusive practice involving :
the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia; or
other injury to the female organs.
The procedure is usually carried out on girls between the ages of 4 and 10 years. These procedures frequently lead to a range of health problems. It is illegal, punishable with a prison sentence of up to 14 years.
This mutilation can either be carried out in Britain or abroad and assisting in any way is illegal.
A practitioner's guide has developed been to help raise awareness of FGM and support staff to deal appropriately and sensitively with concerns they may have